ICRA, based in Karnataka, India, was founded in 1985 to examine and voice the cultural pre-requisite of developmental process and how it is alienating large sections of the population, often fuelling forms of identity politics and religious violence. In response to the globalisation of the 1990s, ICRA decided to focus on small farms in rain fed regions.
They utilise a participatory approach which ensures empowerment of a community’s own institutions. ICRA has evolved a suite of organic, cost-effective options for management of nutrients, pests and diseases which are designed to enhance whole farm productivity and address food and livelihood security thus demonstrating, ‘ecology is economics and economics is ecology’. ICRA combines field intervention with publication on farmers’ knowledge, training programs, action research, advocacy and campaign.